History of plant

Main events in the history of OJSC «Selenginsky pulp and cardboard mill».

The construction of «Selenginsky pulp and cardboard mill» started in 1959 on the ground where the construction of a pulp and viscose plant had been carried out earlier (from 1956 to 1959)

The choice of the place for the construction of the mill on the Selenga River was determined by the sufficient forest raw material resources in republic, the lack of wood at the customers’ place, the developed transport network, availability of construction materials and proximity of the coalfield.

In April,1959, the State Planning Committee of the USSR and the Council of Ministers of RSFSR submitted proposal to the Council of Ministers of the USSR to change the profile of Selenginsky plant to manufacturing of a container board. Thus, the necessity of construction of the plant for sawmilling and woodworking wastes disposal in Lake Baikal basin has been proved.

The plant was built in extremely hard conditions connected with the seismic activity in the area of construction (up to 9 points). While constructing the main building, there were excavated more than 289446 m3, driven 21174 piles, erected 11394 tons of steelworks, put 1092 tons of aluminum panel, set 52725m2 of glass. These figures indicate both the huge project size and how much energy, work and insistence was invested into the construction of the plant. This project was declared as a Top-Priority Soviet Komsomol Project.


Excavation works

During the construction, the basic engineering has been corrected and expertized many times. Geographical position of the project determined the intent attention from the ecologists. Requirements for environmental protection measures have been constantly increased and this affected the extension of construction terms.

In 1971, by the order of the Ministry of Pulp and Paper Industry of the USSR, the project specification of Selenginsky Pulp and Cardboard Mill (corrected by Sibgipprobum) has been approved.

  • Pulping -297 000 tons per year
  • Container board – 280000 tons per year


Excavation for the main building

The departments of the plant have been placed in operation when completed. Electrical repair shop and central repair and mechanical workshops were the first departments which began operating in 1967.


Central repair and mechanical workshops

On June,30, 1971, the first stage of Thermal Power Station was accepted by the State Acceptance Commission. In August, the first generator produced the industrial electricity.


Thermal Power Station – the construction of the foundation


Wood Yard


The construction of the crane rack in Wood Yard.

On April,25, 1973, the cardboard machine K-07 with the imported Baikal cellulose was tested under load and the first commercial cellulose was produced.

In accordance with the act of the State Commission the output volume of 140000 tons of cardboard per year has been fixed.

On June,7,1973 the first pulp was cooked involving all the technological chain of the plant producing cardboard.

On June,30,1973, the State Commission signed an act about operational commissioning of the first stage of the plant producing pulping 145000 tons per year and 140000 tons of cardboard per year. This date was the birth date of «Selenginsky pulp and cardboard mill».

1973-1974 are the years of pre-commissioning procedures, hard work, team creation, technological development, when the specialists worked for the benefit of the plant day and night.

1974 was the year of full technological development of biological, chemical and mechanical sewage treatment, resulting in a unique complex of disposal facilities, being able to reduce negative effect on the basin of Lake Baikal.

In January,1975, the cardboard of a type K-2 was produced. Since January,1976, the plant started exporting its products.


Panoramic view of the main building


Panoramic view of the main building


Panoramic view of the main building

In 1975-1977, in collaboration with the colleagues from Russian Research Institute of Pulp and Paper Industry in Astrakhan, the specialists of the plant have been testing the method of pulping and getting the cardboard for the flat layers of corrugated cardboard made of mixed wood with the addition of 50% of larch.

The basis of cardboard production at the plant is pulping which produces 95000 tons of unbleached sulfate pulp a year.

The plant has 10 digesters with the capacity of 140 cubic meters each.

On December,31,1976, recycling plant was accepted for operation. It recycled pulping by-products into tall products. Now, it is a department of wood chemical and paint products.

In October,1977, the cardboard machine (KDM-2) was put into operation, it produced wrapping paper and fluting as well as cardboard K-1

The recycling plant of pulping by-products into tall products was put into operation in 1977 and designed for recycling both the products of Selenginsky pulp plant and Baikalsky pulp plant. The main manufacturing equipment was domestically made.

On October,11,1977, the first production lot of wrapping paper, fluting and cardboard K-1 was produced by the cardboard machine (KDM-2)

During the late 70’s, as major focus, facing the plant team was national plan performance and products quality upgrading.

In 1980, the plant has realized the state plan for the first time, since 1987 it has been realizing it consistently, as well as contract supplies.

In 1984, paints and vanishes line production was opened. Its first product was a tall oil varnish. In 1989, the production of the following products has been started: varnish PF-283, PF-053, enamel PF-223, PF-266. Wood chemical and paints and vanishes department produces rosin, tall acids, distilled tall oil (DTO), varnish, oil varnish, enamels. The department works with high profitability, it produces high quality and highly demanded products.

1980-1990 became the years of stable work of the plant. During this period, a large amount of work was performed, such as innovation of cardboard machines by transferring them to synthetic fabric, reducing of dust and gas emissions, introduction of a closed system of water circulation, having no equals anywhere in the world.

On August,1,1990 the plant stopped disposal of waste water into the Selenga river.


Complex of disposal works

New economic factors and container board demand contraction made the plant follow the way of diversification. A plant set a course for deeper recycling, resulting in construction of corrugated packaging department with a capacity of 30 million m2 per year in a very short time and the further expanding capacities up to 60 million m2 per year.

On October,21,1992 the department of corrugated packaging produced its first product. A new line allowed recycling the large part of cardboard, keep it for further recycling and produce the final product-corrugated packaging. This fact in its turn gave the opportunity to push up sales and expand product nomenclature.

In 1992, the line of corrugated packaging production ZBJ-1600, slitting machine #1, cross-link section, center of waste disposal work at the plant, the production of starch size has been successfully developed.

In October,1992, due to the economic reform, the plant was transformed into an open joint stock company «Selenginsky pulp and cardboard mill».

In May,1993, the production lines of padflats and boxes #2 were launched.

In order to put to the proper level the realization of the products, in May,1993, the workshop of acceptance and shipment was founded.

In 1994, the box production line #3, PVS#2 was launched, the section for parts and components of corrugated packaging was organized.

In 1995, the production of convolute drums was opened, the box production line #4 and corrugated packaging line were launched, plane-cutting machine was started.

In October,1995, Selenginsky Customs Point was opened for servicing the exported shipments of the plant.

In 1996, there was launched the box production line #1 and 2 rotary-cutting machines, a type of “Reverse”. This year has become the time for opening a new printing workshop. The major task of this workshop is to provide the plant with the printing products of various purposes, informational and promotional design of the produced packaging.

In 1997, cardboard machine #1 produced the new product- bag paper with the indicators that meet the requirement of the National State Standard.

Now, packaging department produces all types of corrugated packaging, it has the corrugated board making machine, 4 lines of processing machine, 1 print-cutting machine, 1 rotary-cutting machine. There is a section of corrugated packaging of complex cutting and the section of padflats.

Since the day of its opening the department has been expanding the capacity, increasing the volume of production and its range.

In May,1997, the logging area was organized. In September, it has developed into the logging workshop.

Economic crisis of the 90s destroyed the raw material base of the plant and it had to make up its own.

In August,1997, the section of paper bags started to produce the bags using the raw material of the cardboard machine #1

This project was possible to be realized owing to the investment support of the Foundation for the Implementation of the Federal Program for Social and Economic Development of the Republic of Buryatiya.

The logging workshop has its own fleet of logging equipment, having good material and technical resources and providing a third of the raw need of the plant.

Forest raw material base are coniferous and leafy forests of Buryatiya, Chita and Irkutsk regions. Raw materials for the plant is one of the dominant factors of production and the sustainable supply stream is a requirement for successful process of production. OJCS «Selenginsky pulp and cardboard mill» has been consequently increasing the volume of logging within its own resources.

In 1998, the workshop on production of a cardboard with a coated covering has been opened, the release of boxes for cakes has been started.

In 2000, the cardboard machine was launched. The same year the production of paper bags was founded.

In 2001, the production of polypropylene has been started.

In 2001, the modernization of cardboard machine-2 has been launched. A big job of the last years on improvement of quality had an effect. In 2003, the volume of a cardboard of K-1 brand has made 85% of the general output.

In May,2001, the managers of “Continental Management” have entered the business-management of the plant.

In 2003, stage replacement of washing station has been started in cooking-washing workshop.

In 2004, a new chip sorting was installed in wood-preparatory workshop.

In 2005, cardboard of K0 brand was produced by a cardboard machine-1. In August, its share has made 10% of a setup.

In 2005, plant worked steadily, there was a growth of economic indicators to the level of 2004, profitability of production of plant has been increased. Along with quantitative success, the quality characteristics have been achieved. To exclude attrition of production while transporting, the corrugated packaging department has mastered packing of production in pallets, the new type of production – a bag with the laminated covering has been mastered as well.

In wood production workshop, there was an increase in cutting capacity, where the cutting machine MPH-100 had been installed before.

There is a certain success achieved in cooking production. Two new pressure filters have been launched in operation, essential saving in consuming of thermal energy have been reached. In August, in cooking workshop, the installation of a sorting of mass of "NOSS" of the Finnish brand "METSO" has been finished.

2006, this year has become the history of the plant as the year that hit the numbers in production of a cardboard. Increase in the outputs has made 12,3% to the level of 2005. But not only quantitative characteristics became a subject of pride following the results of work for the 2006.

Serious gains have been achieved in quality of the products. Production of a cardboard of the K-1 and K-0 brand has totally made 98% of a setup. This was a kind of a quality break in the consumer market. The cardboard for flat layers of corrugated packaging of the K-0 brand made by OJSC “Selenginsky pulp and cardboard mill” has been awarded the Big Gold medal at the Novosibirsk SIBUPAK-2006 trade fair.

In 2007, the production of corrugated packaging, KS brand (Selenga liner) has been started. The large investment project for container production workshop has been approved.

In 2008, there was a modernization of equipment of container production workshop, implementation of new equipment, production of the laminated brown paper of the P-92 brand.

January,2008 is characterized by the beginning of implementation of the project of modernization of TSPT. The plant was provided by the slitter corrugator machine.

In June,2008, new semi-automatic two-head thread stitching machine (made in Taiwan) was entered the work of the container production workshop.

On December,23,2008 the record annual number of tons of a cardboard for flat layers of corrugated packaging of K1-150 brand was produced - 100000 tons

March,2009. Putting into operation of the new equipment of the container production workshop

April,2009. In the section of paper container, a new type of production a bag with a coated covering was received.

May,2009. After a long break, because of the lack of Baikal raw materials and stop in functioning Baikal paper mill, timber-chemical production workshop has resumed its work.

In 2009, the modernization of a corrugated board making machine with replacement of the main knots by the computerized equipment of the Taiwan production and installation of a corrugator allowing to make a 5-layered corrugated cardboard has been carried out.

On the section of processing of the container production workshop the high-speed computerized overworking lines with the multi-color press for production of corrugated box and corrugated packaging of a special cutting were mounted. The automatic transfer line for a binding and packing a pallet in a stretch-wrap was put into operation.

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